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How To Get The Best Out Of A First Trip To Japan: A 21-Day Japan Itinerary

Japan Itinerary
japan pin

When travel is concerned, I firmly believe that you should always, always stay in a place at least as long as it took to get there—especially when that place is halfway across the world. You’ve got to make it worth your while!

With that in mind and with 19 hours of transit ahead of me, I set out to put together my three-week Japan itinerary which, as a first timer in the land of the rising sun, would take me to all the main sights.

From Edo-era castles to metropolises, from shogun villages to iconic volcanoes, and from tranquil temples to surprising wildlife, here’s what I did in the space of three weeks.

TOKYO // 4 days

With most flights landing into Narita airport, it only made sense to spend a little time in the Japanese capital; plus, it’s the kind of mega city you’ve just got to be in to fully grasp its tremendous size and significance.

Nevertheless, I was hesitant about spending too much time in Tokyo, however fascinating it may be, as I wanted to cover as much ground as possible.

Tokyo really does spread out as far as the eye can see.

things to do in tokyo:

  • Drinks at New York Bar atop the iconic Park Hyatt on my final night in Japan: totally worth the expense, the best possible way to conclude this epic Japanese odyssey. This is where they filmed Lost in Translation.
  • Ueno Park (I was in Tokyo during cherry blossom season)
  • Meiji Jingu shinto shrine
  • SkyTree: if you’re budget-strapped, skip the prohibitively expensive observation deck fees and go to Sky Tree East Tower instead where you get can to the 31st floor free of charge; not quite as high, but still impressive (see city view photo above).
  • Senso-ji Temple
  • $1 conveyor belt sushi in Shinjuku
  • Shibuya crossing
  • Shopping and browsing in Harajuku
  • Edo Museum

tokyo Guided tours & tokyo day trips to consider:

WHERE I STAYED: tokyo hotel

NIKKO // 1 day

Japan Itinerary
Nikko Temple

At last! The small city of Nikko is located in a mountainous area north of Tokyo called the Tochigi Prefecture, and is home to some of the most famous and esteemed shrines in the country: UNESCO World Heritage Site of Toshogu Shrine, erected in 1617 to commemorate the founding ruler of the Tokugawa shogunate and ultimate feudal military government, Tokugawa Ieyasu.

Here, you will find luxuriant woodlands with rows and rows of stone lanterns, occasionally dotted with vermillion gates. A truly spiritual and grandiose place and one of the most popular day trips from Tokyo, although it is possible to stay overnight.

nikko Guided tours & nikko day trips to consider:

WHERE I STAYED: nikko hotel

MOUNT FUJI // 1 day

Japan Itinerary
Fuji-san

Located right outside Tokyo, the majestic mountain is one of the most popular day trip destinations in the area. Rightfully so; the stratovolcano is Japan’s highest peak at 12,389 feet tall as well as both a Special Place of Scenic Beauty (a great page to bookmark if you want to hit Japan’s prettiest sights, by the way) and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Fuji’s unusually symmetrical snow-capped cone is a well-known symbol of Japan and it is frequently depicted both touristy and authentic artworks.

The easiest and most cost-efficient way to admire Fujisan is by sitting on the right-hand side of the shinkansen travelling between Tokyo and Kyoto. The mountain majestically soars into the picture about 45 minutes into the journey.

mount fuji Guided tours & mount fuji day trips to consider:

Many tour operators offer day trips to the sacred mountain; should you wish to travel to Mount Fuji independently, note that hiking trails are only officially open in July and August.

KYOTO // 5 days

things to do in kyoto
Kinkaku-Ji Temple

Kyoto is without a doubt my favourite city in Japan. I was just amazed at how intimate the city felt despite the extent of its reputation. As Japan’s former capital, there’s a LOT to see and do here; don’t go and think five days in Kyoto is too generous.

Not only does Kyoto hold an impressive quantity of temples and castles, it is strategically located on the Tokaido Shinkansen line for easy side trips and has plenty of mouth-watering restaurants to keep your appetite satisfied. Good to know, though: most of the noteworthy temples are located in the same area north-west of the train station, making it easy to visit all of them on a single day.

Handy tip: if you’re planning on wearing sandals or go commando in your shoes, bring a pair of socks with you; this being Japan, you won’t be authorised to enter temples with your shoes on or barefoot.

things to do in kyoto

WHERE I STAYED: kyoto airbnb

NARA // 1 day

Japan Itinerary
A 16 metres high Buddha

Nara was an absolute delight and one of my favourite stops on this Japan itinerary.

It just ticked all the boxes of things you expect to find in a place like Japan: cute animals, wareshinobu-clad maikos, immense Buddhist temples, and mystical forests. I found all that here, in this small city just outside Kyoto.

Although a destination in its own right (there are a few hotels near the train station), Nara is a worthwhile day trip from the ancient capital. It was Japan’s first permanent capital in the year 710; as such, it is home to over eight UNESCO World Heritage Sites, second only to Kyoto as a directory of Japan’s cultural heritage.

things to do in nara

  • Tōdai-ji: the largest wooden building in the world, which, astonishingly enough, is actually a mere two-thirds of its estimated original size. It contains the Great Buddha (not an understatement, at 16 metres high and 437 tonnes of bronze) is housed inside.
  • Horyuji Temple
  • Nara Park and its equal parts tame, hungry, and adorable deer

WHERE I STAYED: nara hotel

OSAKA // 1 day

Japan Itinerary
Sushi class

From what I gather people either love or hate Osaka. Whereas Tokyo is bustling but incredibly civilised, and whereas Kyoto is filled with history and exhales respectability, Osaka is the city where there are no rules.

I was only there for a day for my sushi class, and I wish I’d had more time to explore this quirky, alternative city with a lively waterfront.

Learn how to book a sushi class in Osaka.

WHERE I STAYED: osaka hotel

HIMEJI // 1 day

Japan Itinerary
Himeji Castle

Confession time: I didn’t actually go inside Himeji Castle.

I unknowingly turned up two days after the castle had reopened following massive renovations, and frankly I wasn’t too keen on the three-hour long queue. I decided to stick to the flowery gardens instead, knowing that another fabulous castle was on my itinerary later in the week.

WHERE I STAYED: himeji hotel

HIROSHIMA // 1 day

You simply can’t travel along the southern coast of Honshu Island and not spend some time in Hiroshima. Even though Hiroshima was largely obliterated by an atomic bomb —ironically named Little Boy— during World War II, the city is now thriving and well. Hiroshima Castle and Shukkeien Garden, two major monuments pertaining to Hiroshima’s historical heritage, were destroyed during the bombing and were later on reconstructed; they can be visited today.

The UNESCO A-Bomb Dome acts as a stark symbol of Hiroshima’s newfound peace, as only the skeleton of what once was Hiroshima Prefectural Industrial Promotion Hall building remains. Nearby is the lush and leafy Peace Memorial Park, built over the former business district, which commemorates people who lost their lives on that fateful day in 1945.

WHERE I STAYED: hiroshima hotel

MIYAJIMA // 1 day

Japan Itinerary
Itsukushima Shrine

Almost right across the bay from Hiroshima is the quaint island of Miyajima, home to the iconic Itsukushima Temple. Its claim to fame is undoubtedly the bold Itsukushima Shrine, which dramatically soars 16 metres high out of the water; it’s often referred to as a “floating torii gate” in popular culture. Interestingly, it’s possible to walk right up to the shrine at low tide—which is why I highly recommend spending a full day on Miyajima.

things to do in miyajima

WHERE I STAYED: hiroshima hotel

KANAZAWA // 1 day

I wanted to visit Kanazawa because of its famously well-preserved heritage from the Edo Period when it served as the seat of the powerful Maeda feudal Clan. It was one of the wealthiest clans in terms of fief sizes and rice production, but with great power come equally great threats. The Maeda clan, therefore, employed several samurais and offered them property at the foot of Kanazawa Castle in Nagamachi District, which can still be visited today.

Japan’s most celebrated landscape garden, Kenrokuen, as well as Higashi Chaya District, filled with ancient wooden teahouses where geishas work and perform, are both well worth a few hours.

WHERE I STAYED: kanazawa hotel

JAPANESE ALPS // 2 days

Moving on to the Japanese Alps for the last few days of this Japan itinerary, where I had planned on hanging out with snow monkeys and experience a ryokan with an onsen and a traditional dinner.

It was absolutely perfect and even though I was terrified of committing a cultural faux-pas I managed to make it out unscathed, and infinitely more appreciative of my time in the Nagano prefecture.

WHERE I STAYED: YAMANOUCHI RYOKAN

MATSUMOTO // 1 day

Matsumoto Castle

The detour by this somewhat underrated portion of Honshu Island was mainly to visit Matsumoto Castle, one of Japan’s premier historic castles and a splendid work of art. Its value is simply inestimable, as it still contains original wooden interiors and external stonework. It really was a fascinating journey into the history of the military in Japan; the castle is awash with secret passageways, tricky steep stairs, and other secrets that only samurais were privy to.

I think I ended up having a much better and more informative time at Matsumoto than I would have at Himeji, which was way too crowded.

WHERE I STAYED: matsumoto hotel

Planning a Trip to Japan: A Few Tips + Additional Reading

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Marie-Eve

Marie is a native Montrealer trying to balance a deep love for her hometown and an unquenchable thirst for travel and discovery. She has been to more than 36 countries, lived abroad in both France and the U.K., and is always on the lookout for authentic experiences wherever she travels -- especially if it involves chocolate.